NonStampCollector posted a video on YouTube in which, after about eight minutes of rambling on, he challenges theists to explain how there is one God of the universe as opposed to three, 15 or x number of gods. I couldn’t resist a challenge like this, so I formulated an answer. Basically, if there are many gods of the universe then the world would be a much more chaotic place as each god would want to form and rule the universe in a different way. The competing gods would likely oppose each other like they do in Homer’s “The Iliad.” Since the universe is orderly we can conclude that there is just one God who formed it.
Here is my Monotheistic Argument:
Premise 1—If there are many gods of the universe then the universe would be very chaotic and able to support physical laws, as each god would oppose how the others formed and rule the universe.
Premise 2—However, the universe obeys laws and is very ordered.
Premise 3—If there are many gods of the universe then there would be many competing sets of objective moral values.
Premise 4—However, there is one set of objective moral values.
Therefore—Since the universe is orderly and there is one set of objective moral values there is just one God of the universe.
Say that god A wants a universe without stars so they, after the big bang, set the strong nuclear force stronger so that hydrogen and therefore stars couldn’t form. God B on the other hand wants a universe with stars so they set it at the current level so that stars can form. If these two gods were equally omnipotent who would win this disagreement? What if god C wants a universe without gravity, but god D likes gravity? Since there is gravity that allowed planets to form by causing matter to lump together we know that god C didn’t win that argument as the universe was forming, but say C decides to eliminates gravity and then D reestablishes the law of gravity. If this were the case the law of gravity wouldn’t be a law because gravity would exist at one moment and not exist at another moment—the world would be a very chaotic place. Since the world is orderly we can conclude that one God formed and rules the universe.
In the same way, say god A rules that raping and murdering people is a virtue while B rules that these acts are an abomination. Which god would win this argument? Since most everyone knows deep down inside that raping and murdering people is wrong and that being loving your neighbor as yourself is a good thing we can conclude that one God established objective moral values.
I guess you could try to argue that there are no objective moral values, but that would put you in the very difficult place of saying that there is nothing wrong with The Holocaust, torturing little children; or intentionally destroying the environment. I think most objectors would argue against premise one by saying that there could be a council of gods where, somehow, the gods all perfectly agree on how to form and rule the universe. This seems pretty unlikely that many gods could come to a perfect consensus. Disagreements about how to do things seem inevitable. The gods would come to a disagreement and there would be a battle of omnipotent beings which would cause chaos in the universe. Besides the chaos of multiple gods, I could also argue that if one omniscient, eternal god is capable of ruling the universe then why would there need to 50,000? If there was one omnipotent God ruling the universe then there wouldn’t be the chaos inducing disagreement of multiple gods.